The art of welding is intricate, delicate, and truly remarkable when you consider the magnificent nature of what is actually unfolding. After all, not all crafts involve bending the most powerful materials in the world to the shape that the craftsman wills them to be in.
Of course, mastering the craft takes time and a deep understanding of the process. Like any art form, there are techniques that you need to learn in order to become more skilled at welding. For your own edification, we have outlined four common welding techniques that will help you find success in this classic field.
Remember, the first thing to consider before undertaking any welding project is safety. That means getting a set of high-grade work gloves, and a helmet. Unfortunately, not all helmets are created equal, which is why doing your research with a welding helmet site can be very beneficial.
Now, let’s take a look at some welding techniques that will help improve your understanding of the profession!
Shielded Metal Arc Welding
Shielded metal arc welding, informally referred to as “stick welding,” is one of the most popular methods in the maintenance and repair industry, and in fact, in the world. This popularity is due to the versatility of the application as well as the simplicity of the process.
Here is how it works: the welder uses an electrode covered with flux to produce an electric current that forms an arc between the electrode and the metals that are being joined. The area of your workpiece upon which you have been applying the current is going to begin to melt into what is referred to as the weld pool. When weld pool hardens it will form your joint.
This method is very popular in the world of construction and is primarily used in the welding of iron and steel. However, it is a method that is versatile enough to also be used on aluminum, nickel and other copper alloys. Stick welding is a classic method that has been around since the 1920s and continues to flourish in the modern age.
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
Gas tungsten arc welding is one of the more complicated methods featured on this list which may make beginners think twice before committing to it. The primary function of this method is to weld together thick sections of stainless steel.
It is a complex process in that it requires constant coordination and focus on the part of the welder, who must use two hands as they feed a filler material in between the workpieces with one hand, and operate the blow torch with the other hand.
This technique can certainly be efficient but it is also time-consuming and demands skill from the operator, so be sure you are up for the challenge before committing to gas tungsten arc welding.
MIG welding is considered to be one of the simpler welding techniques. It is a good method for the home hobbyist or do it yourselfer to use for simpler projects around the house because the equipment involved is relatively accessible and simple to use.
In Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding the welder, with the help of a welding gun, uses electricity to fuse two pieces together.
The pros of this process are that the equipment is pretty self-explanatory and simple enough to use without extensive experience. On the other hand, it is also somewhat complicated to setup, and it is not portable which for some welders might be a significant con.
Flux Chord Arc Welding
Flux chord arc welding, the final technique that we will be looking at on this list, is in many ways similar to MIG welding. The simple to use equipment uses electricity to fuse to work pieces together while a shield gas is applied to prevent external contamination of your materials.
On the other hand, flux chord arc welding also resembles the shield welding process that we first looked at in that the tools are portable and simple to use.
Due to the ease of use and transport this is a good method for both hobbyists and blossoming welders to consider.
As you can see, there are a number of options out there for you as you develop your craft. As you grow as a welder you will most likely become skilled in all of these methods, but for now, just work on the ones that you are able to and enjoy learning this great craft!